Lesson for Wednesday 5th March

What factors affect the objectivity of authors of written sources? There are four main factors that effect the objectivity of authors of written sources, these are:

  • Fact and Opinion – Historians and archaelolgists have to determine whether a written source is fact or opinion. One way they do this is by looking at different sources of the same event.
  • Bias – Historians and archaelolgists have to determine whether a written source is bias or not by looking at what is said. In the case of a war/battle they would look at factors like who wrote the source, what nationality was he etc.
  • Gender Bias – it is hard not to look at any sources that are not gender bias because woman were not really raised to be anything but house wives.
  • One Sided Accounts – Historians and archaelolgists have to determine whether a written source is one-sided because the text could be about something like the battle of Thermopalyae, where only Greeks have written about this battle, there havent been any discoveris of persian texts of the battle of Thermopalyae. 

What is gender bias? Gender bias in History is simply looking at usually written sources, written by men of that time. This only gives us a male perspective on the events that were written about in the Ancient period.

How has it manifested itself in the reporting of history over the millenia? (sorry sir i dont understand this question)

Give three examples of gender bias?

  1. Dio Cassius – Roman history – Boudicca of Britain
  2. Sir Alan Gardiner – Egypt of the Pharaohs – Hatshepsut
  3. Josephus – Jewish History – No women used for acounts.

Is it still a problem today in historiography? This is still a problem for historiography because no-one knows what a women saw in the Ancient period, a single women could have known why the senetors killed Ceaser or why Nero hated the Christians so much.

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