Archive for May, 2008

The Roman Water System

May 17, 2008

 Research: The Roman Water System- The Romans were famed for their hydraulic engineering. Describe the development of Roman hydraulic engineering and assess its impact on the Roman world.

The Roman Water system was a complex but amazing system which provided them with fresh water every day to bath, drink, cook etc. The Transportation of water to cities was knowledge known before its time. The Romans used a series of aqueducts which are used to transport water from far places to the cities of Rome Pompey, etc. The word plumb means lead and that was exactly what the pipes were made of. It is suggested that many Romans died simply from lead poisoning due to over expose to high lead levels in the water. 

This image shows a Roman water system (red line) from a natural spring to the city of Castellium. Aqueducts were simply used for to transport water through valleys without slowing down the flow of the water. These are the three ways that the Romans used to get water around the city. Two-tier bridges were used at low cross areas, Inverted Siphons were used when particular valleys were steep, & tunnels were used when equipped with vertical shafts for inspection & cleaning.  Through a Two-Tier Bridge, a Siphon and a Tunnel.

Waste was Frequently Emptied into Street-Side Openings to the Roman Sewers. The sewers carried off sewage, urban runoff, and drainage water together. The Roman sewer system probably carried off at least as much water as the aqueducts provided. Consumptive use in Rome was not high and there was a lot of infiltration into the drains from groundwater (parts of Rome are constructed over swamps). The flow of the Tiber River was greatly increased by discharges from Rome’s sewers.