March 4, 2008
Parthenon Marbles Battle

  

1)                 The Parthenon was built in hounor of which ancient Greek goddess? the Greek Goddess is Athena of Athens.

 

2)                 Where on the Parthenon is the marble frieze located? The Marbel friezes where located on the top of the collums.

 

3)                 When and how did the Parthenon come to lay in ruins? In 1687 there was a war between Venice and the Ottoman Empire. The war caused alot of damage to the ancient temple but lukily it survived till today.

     4)                 Who was Lord Elgin and what did he do with sections of the frieze? Lord Elgin was the British Embassador to the Ottoman Empire (which was controlling Greece). Lord Elgin took the sections of marbel friezes home to England.         5)                 Why do some claim Elgin was the “vandal”? They call him a vandal because he cut up the freizes into small sections so they could be easily transported to England.

     6)                 Why does the British Museum (BM) claim legal title to the frieze? The British museum says that you can’t lend or give something back to someone who dosen’t recognises your ownership to the item.                             7)                 How much of the original frieze still stands in Athens? There is only half of the friezes in Athens to what the British Museum has.      8)                 What is the opinion of Greek archaeologists on the matter? They believe that they should be seen togther because when they are toghter they hav a narrative to tell.     9)                 How does the BM suggest they could resolve the ‘complicated’ situation? The greeks will make replicas of the marbel freizes that they have in the British museum in England.           10)              What is your stance on returning the frieze to Athens?  Do you agree that it should remain permanently in the BM except for loan periods? I personally think that The Greeks should have them returned to Athens. The reason for this is, the marbel friezes were made and created by the Greeks and should have 100% ownershipto them.

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March 4, 2008
Parthenon Marbles Battle

http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/player/specials/treasure-wars/ 

  1. Where is Machu Picchu? Machu Picchu is located in Peru’.
  2. The site was left to ruin in the 16th century until 1911
  3. Who discovered the site and when? Hiram Bingham discovered the site in 1911.
  4. For which university was he working? He was working For Yale.
  5. What did he find? Hiram Bingham found many artefacts like silver statues, jewllery and human remains.
  6. In which museum are the finds located? The Museum they were located in was the Peruvian museum and maybe the British museum.
  7. What is the debate surrounding these finds?The debate that was surounding these finds were that the Peruvian government had only given the artefacts to Bingham for 2 years on the agreement that they would be returned. Bingham wrote this in a letter which was found by Terry Garcia.
  8. Why the legal action?In my point of view the legal action was taken to ensure the return of the artefacts, and also to make sure that this process without legal action wouldn’t take to long.  
  9. According to the spokesman from the Museum, why can there be problems if artifacts are returned too quickly? The artefacts can never be returned quickly because there could be a claim by another musem or even another person. Also the museum would not be hounouring the duty to preserve and protect.
  10. What has been the resolution of this ‘treasure war’ and why does this mean so much to the people of Peru? Yale agreed to return most of the artefacts only after they had completed a travelling expedition. This meant a lot to the Peruvian people because it meant that they were getting their heratige back. 

Nature of Sources and Evidence

February 27, 2008
What are the main types of sources? The main type of soures are Secondary soures, Primary sources.
What kinds of questions need to be asked of archaeological sources? Where did the artefact come from? Why was it left here? Who made it? 

Do these questions differ from the questions asked of written sources? Why? Yea a bit but some of the questions would be a bit different, like who wrote it and why was it written? These questions would go behind the text and to the author because it would look at his perspective only and maybe the perspectives of people who helped him write it. 

What is meant by the saying that ‘historical writings reveal more about the author than the events or personalities being related’? It is meant by the saying that the writer of the historical text would normally talk about his perspective on the matter, issue or event. Also the writer would be telling the story/event from his/her eyes and his/her ears, he may use the words of others, but usually the words are changed when he/she are writting it down, they may do this to make the story sound better.    

Go online and find one example of an ancient written source and one ancient archaeological source. Anaylse each one (hint: aske those questions!)

The Dead Sea Scrolls- The Dead Sea Scrolls are a written source, significance is that they are one of the oldest written text to be found which have a few texts from the Hebrew Bible. The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered between 1956 and 1979.  They were found in elven different the Wadi Qumran(near the ruins of the ancient settlement of Khirbet Qumran, on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea).

The Terracotta Warriors of China- The Terracotta Warriors are statues made from Terracotta which are the height and size of a real man. Each warrior has his own facial features. The Terracotta Warriors are Archaeological source which were found by a chinese farmer in 1974 near Xi’an, Shaanxi province, China.

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February 25, 2008

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